Main Article Content
The study was designed to assess the costs, returns, profitability, and food security status of Pangus farm households. Samples were collected from two villages namely Baganbari and Konabari at Trishal Upazilla under Mymensingh district, Bangladesh in 2013. 100 sample farmers were selected randomly of which 27 were marginal farmers, 42 small farmers, 26 medium farmers and 5 were large farmers respectively. Tabular and statistical analysis was done to achieve the major objectives of the study. The average annual production of Pangus for all farms was 28860 kg which valued at Taka (Tk.) (1$=80 Tk.) 1010100 per hectare per year. The farmers earned the highest profit from the medium scale of Pangus farming. All the included variables such as human labour cost, fertilizer cost, and lime cost, and manure cost (except fingerlings and feed) had significant impact on yields and economic returns of it. Farmers changed land use patterns to increase farm income and food security. It’s playing a significant role to develop road and communication, marketing system, social and economic institutions to improve overall economic condition and also have some adverse impact on environmental issues. As policy measures, it may be suggested that Pangus farmers should be provide fingerlings, credit, training and reasonable price for sustainable development of Pangus farming.