Main Article Content
Onion (Allium cepa L.) is one of the major cash crops grown mostly in northern Nigeria, nevertheless with perpetual scarcity at off season due to its perishability as actors lacked adequate storability thus, sells at low price to avoid spoilage at hand. The study seeks to evaluate onion value chain actors (producers and retailers) in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Purposive, simple random and convenience sampling procedures were used in selecting 210 onion producers and 40 retailers using structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS software and marketing margin model. The result of the study revealed that the mean output of onion per hectare was 71.58 bags with an average price of ₦15597.05. The total gross marketing margin of 14.38% out of 19.12% constitutes the total marketing costs with net marketing margin of 4.77%. Producers’ and retailers’ marketing profit share was ₦9331.61 and ₦2324.33 per bag respectively. Production and marketing constraints identified were; high cost of inputs, pest and disease attack, poor storage facilities and poor pricing. In conclusion, redress of constraints may enhance marketing margin of the actors. The study recommends for government/nongovernmental sustainable financial, technical and educational interventions for the value chain improvement in the study area.
Mike N, Martins H. Growing vegetables for home and market: Rural infrastructure and agro-industries division, FOA diversification booklet No. 11, Rome. 2009; 1-102.
IFAD.Commodity value chain development project: Sustainable inclusion of small holders in agricultural value chains, via paolo di dono, Rome. 2014; 1-8.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Food and agriculture organization statistical databases (FAOSTAT); 2015.
Available: www.fao.org>nigeria>nigeria-at-a on 5/12/2019.
Baker D. Agriculture value chains: Overview of concepts and value chain approach. Presentation Prepared for FAO LDED Regional Workshop for Asia, Bangkok; 2006.
National Population Commission (NPC). Population figure. Federal Republic of Nigeria Abuja; 2006.
Available: http://www.npc.ng. gov, on 28/11/2019.
Hailegiorgis D. Value chain analysis of onion in Dugba district, Oromia region, Ethiopia. Archives of Current Research International. 2017;7(4):1-16
Ammani AA, Isiaku S, Makama SA, Baba D. Calculating agricultural marketing cost and margins. National Agricultural Extension Research Liasion Services, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Extension Bulletin No: 201. 2012; 1-27.
Addisu H, Lemma Z, Kindie G. Value chain analysis of onion: The case of Ejere district, west Shoa Zone, Oromia national regional state of Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development. 2017. 5(1):512-524.
Shettima BG, Ibrahim A, Mohammed ST, Zongoma BA. Economic efficiency of irrigated vegetable production in Borno state, Nigeria: A stochastic frontier cost function aproach. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology. 201612(4):1-14.
Bultossa T. Survey and analysis of onion marketing in Toke-Kutaye district, west Shewa zone, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia; Trends in Agricultural Economics, (2017)10: 18-25.
Opeyemi EA, Tohib OO. Effect of socioeconomic characteristics and income status on onion farmers risk attitude in Sokoto state, Nigeria. Agricultural Tropica ET Subtropica. 2017;50(3):141-146.
Illo AI, Kaka Y, Hassan U, Umar Sm, Bamidele AA. Marketing of onion in Aliero central market, Aliero local government area of Kebbi state. Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2016; 21:42-49.
Umar TA. Adoption of recommended onion production practices by farmers in goronyo local government area of Sokoto state, Nigeria. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 2014.
Available:www.iproject.com.ng>adoption on 18/11/2019
Tsoho BA, Salau SA. Profitability and constraints to dry season vegetable production under fadama in Sudan savannah ecological zone of Sokoto state, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2012;4(7):214-222.
Iro II, Nanven AD, Adeniyi TO, Gloria P, Zwalnan DN, Jameela A, et al. Analyses of onion marketing in Toro district of Toro local government area in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research. 2016;13:14-18
Dauda WP, Alao SEL, Zarafi AB, Alabi O. Farmers perception of “Danzazzalau”: disease affecting onions in Kebbi state, north western Nigeria. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016; 15(2):93-100.
Sulumbe IM, Shettima BG, John TB. An analysis of the marketing of onion in Monguno local government area of Borno state, Nigeria. Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research. 2015; 13(1):9-13.