Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 2020-03-28T06:14:23+00:00 Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociolo Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology (ISSN:&nbsp;2320-7027)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJAEES/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Knowledge Management Practices, Challenges and Coping Strategies Adopted by Public Agricultural Extension: A Case of Nandi-Hills Sub-County, Nandi County, Kenya 2020-03-27T09:09:24+00:00 Joseph Kipkorir Cheruiyot Nelly Sang Festus Ng’etich <p><strong>Aims: </strong>Knowledge Management (KM) in agriculture is a core aspect of agricultural productivity and profitability, but is one area with scanty literature. The aim of the current study was to determine the knowledge management practices, challenges and coping strategies adopted by public agricultural extension agents in Nandi-hills Sub-county, Nandi County, Kenya under a fairly new devolved system put in place by the constitution of Kenya in 2010.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; Descriptive cross sectional case study survey design was adopted for the study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was conducted in Nandi-hills Sub-County, Nandi County, Kenya. Data were collected between January and April, 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> All the Extension agents in the Sub-county were targeted. A questionnaire with closed and open ended questions was used to collect data from the 32 participants in the Sub-county and the data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Descriptive statistics were utilized to document the practises based on their frequencies and associations. 7% of the respondents were certificate holders, 37% were diploma holders while a majority; 56% were degree holders. Associations between attributes was analysed by running Goodman and Kruskals’ gamma.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Findings indicated that lack of organized knowledge sharing fora, poor ICT infrastructure, lack of budgetary support and transport were the major challenges facing knowledge management. There was strong negative correlation between education levels with rating of knowledge storage (Gamma = - 0.647, p = 0.001) and with access to stored information (Gamma = - 0.824, p = 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Diverse methods of knowledge capture and storage were utilized and faced varied challenges mostly attributed to inadequate facilitation to support knowledge capture and storage in modern forms such as ICT. Cooperation and collaboration with private sector players was adopted as a strategy to cope with the challenges.</p> 2020-03-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Marketing Chain and Structure, Conduct and Performance of Sesame: The Case of Kafta Humera District, Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia 2020-03-27T09:09:24+00:00 Desale Gebretsadik <p>This study analyzed marketing chain and structure, conduct and performance of sesame in Kafta Humera district of Tigray region, Ethiopia; using primary and secondary data obtained from field survey and desk review using a semi-structured questionnaire. Multistage random sampling technique was used to draw 128 and 126 small and, large-scale sesame producers, respectively. Also, a total of 44 assemblers, 5 cooperatives, 13 exporters and one processor were interviewed. Applying the descriptive statistics method and market observation of the researcher; the major sesame market chain actors were producers, assemblers, cooperatives, exporters and processors. The concentration ratios of the first four and eight large local assemblers and exporters indicated that there was a weak oligopoly market structure. It is also found that there were entry barriers, information asymmetry and collusion in price-setting; indicating that sesame market was deviating from the norms of competitive market structure. Considering free on board of hulled sesame price; the gross marketing margins of 5%, 12% and 45% and net marketing margins of 1%, 3% and 17% obtained by assemblers, exporters and processors, respectively. But, Considering the free-on-board price of raw sesame; the gross marketing margins of 7%, 18% and about 75% and net marketing margins of 1.13%, 4.41% and 4.85% obtained by assemblers, exporters and producers, respectively. All these indicating that the sesame market was being poorly performing. Depending on the results found this study recommends, it will be better if the focus is given to value-added product export, securing competitive market through minimizing entry barriers, strengthening timely updated market information and formal credit access, hiring marketing experts at market centres to control collusion of traders in price setting.</p> 2020-03-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Attitude of Vegetable Growers towards Mitigating the Adverse Effects of Agricultural Chemicals 2020-03-27T09:09:24+00:00 G. Manunayaka S. Ganesamoorthi N. D. Chethan Patil Rahul D. Bellagi <p>India is the world's second-largest producer of vegetables next to China, but the annual loss of fresh vegetables on an average is about 12 per cent in India which is significantly affecting the agricultural economy. Thus, crop protection is very much essential to prevent losses and feed the growing population. Chemical crop protection in India began in the year 1947-48 with the introduction of Benzene Hexa Chloride (BHC). Today India is the fourth largest producer of pesticide in the world. But over the years pesticides are being used more indiscriminately and unscientifically which has led to a negative impact on humans, soil, water and the environment as a whole. Due to the unscientific pesticide application, the pests gradually develop resistance to the poison that normally kills them. Even with all these ill-effects, it is inevitable to use pesticides to grow the crops and therefore they can be called as a necessary evil. The present study was conducted in Kolar district of Karnataka state in India during 2018-19 to ascertain the attitude of vegetable growers towards mitigating the ill-effects of agricultural chemicals. The data was collected from 120 vegetable growers using a pretested interview schedule. It was found that more than half of the vegetable growers (52.50%) had highly favourable attitude towards mitigating the ill-effects of agricultural chemicals; sixty per cent of the vegetable growers were undecided whether to spray pesticides in the opposite direction of the wind or along the direction of the wind. The study facilitates the agriculture and horticulture departments to train farmers enabling them to safely use, handle and store the agricultural chemicals.</p> 2020-03-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Explorative Study on Access to Print and Electronic Information Resources among Journalists in Mysore and Mandya District of Karnataka 2020-03-27T09:09:23+00:00 G. Kiran Kumar Chikkamanju . <p>This explorative study focuses on access to print and electronic information resources among journalists in Mysore and Mandya district of Karnataka, India. The researchers tried to analyze frequency of library visits, average time spent, use of print and electronic information resources, criteria for evaluation of information resources, usage of social networks for accessing and sharing information, rating of online resources based on its features, preferred format of information resources, factors influencing for use of e-resources and to know the importance of e-resources for journalistic tasks. For this purpose the researchers prepared a well structured questionnaire as a tool for data collection and the collected questionnaire has been analyzed and presented with useful percentage analysis, Anova, Mean, Standard Deviation and suitable tables for presentation of data. It has been found form the study that the journalists prefer both print and electronic format of information resources. Hence, the libraries should maintain both formats of information resources till the users inculcate the habit of using information resources available in electronic format.&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determinants of Agroforestry Practitioners Income in Semi-Arid Region of Nigeria 2020-03-27T09:09:22+00:00 B. D. Zira M. A. Gupa <p>This study examined the determinants of farm income among Agroforestry Practitioners in Semi-arid region of Nigeria. Using a multistage sampling technique, 300 Practitioners were randomly selected from six purposive selected semi-arid region of Nigeria. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The study revealed an income of between N301,000 and N400,000 among the Agroforestry Practitioners in the study area. Result on the linear regression analysis revealed that the coefficients of Agroforestry farm output (p&lt;0. 01), farm size (p&lt;0. 01, household size (p&lt;0. 05,) and education (p&lt;0. 05,) were found to positively and statistically influence Agroforestry farm income in the study area. It is recommended that multifaceted interventions through infrastructural development that supports access to education and land, skill acquisition and empowerment program should be implemented in the study area.</p> 2020-03-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Socio Economic Features and Poverty Status of Livelihood Diversifiers in Marginal Communities of Ekiti State Nigeria 2020-03-28T06:14:23+00:00 Ajiboye Abiodun A. O. Adekunmi S. O. W Toluwase F. M. Oluwatusin F. O. Osundare A. O. Awoyemi <p>The paper investigates the socio-economic features and poverty status of livelihood diversifiers in marginal communities of Ekiti State, Nigeria. Data were collected from a sample of 80 respondents’ from three communities selected from three Local Government Areas. Descriptive and Hosmer and Lemeshow test were used to analyse the data. It was found that those engaged in livelihood diversification were predominantly male while few of them were female. Over 70 percent of them were still in their active age. Only a handful of them could be outright concluded in illiteracy which reveal how ekiti state people cherish education. In all, 71 percent of them were married which explained the difficulty for such families to relocate to urban centers. Household size was fairly large with 60 percent having between 5-10 household members. This further makes it pretty difficult to relocate to urban centers for greener pastures. Only 21 of them operated fairly large farm holdings of more than 4 ha. The result of the Hosmer and Lemeshow test showed that all the respondents have high degree of susceptibility to change their poverty status. The paper justified that livelihood diversification still remains one of the potent tools of dealing with abject poverty and inability to make ends meet among the rural households in a country where government has nothing or little to offer as safety nets for the vulnerable of the society.</p> 2020-03-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Usage of Social Networking Tools by Rural Youth in Transfer of Technology - An Overview 2020-03-27T09:09:23+00:00 P. Radhakrishnan N. Sriram N. Manivannan <p>The utilization of social media tools is an integral part of rural youth lives today. Over some time utilization of social media has been changed the attention of rural youth. The development of rural youths on social media has reached at a different level, without social media, every individual of rural youth cannot think about the direction of their respective growth and futures. The research studies on the utilization of social media conducted across the world by different authors and review extensively for drawing constructive inference for future study and reference. The development of rural youth on social media is now leading to addiction. The major sources and several studies reported that it is widely accepted the overutilization of social media has a profound negative influence on the rural youths. This study highlights the main purposes of utilizing social media by rural youth and to attempt have been made to find out the time spent on surfing the various social networking sites. This study focuses on the major and the positive and negative effects of utilizing social media on the life of rural youths.</p> 2020-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##