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The aim of the study was to determine the association between rural women’s decision-making power and the constraints faced by them while seeking Maternal and Child Health care services in northeastern Bangladesh. The study sample consisted of 150 mothers living in northeastern Bangladesh who had accessed institutional MCH care services during their pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire using simple random sampling technique from January-April, 2018 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, decision making index and constraints facing indexing method through SPSS and Microsoft Excel. The study results showed that, decisions about treatment-seeking, consultation with the doctor during the prenatal and postnatal period, institutional birth preference and use/not use of contraceptives was always taken by the husband because the index was closer to the weighted value 200. But while making decisions about purchasing household daily needs, medicines, taking the first child or having more than two children, both husband and wife participated equally. On the other hands, constraint facing index showed that lack of medicine and vaccination, unhealthy environment and unprofessional behavior of the clinic’s people with CFI 651, 316 and 304 respectively, were the most commonly faced constraints by the rural women which discouraged them to seek institutional MCH care services. Though rural women were not completely suppressed in the northeastern region of Bangladesh, healthcare-seeking decisions were completely under the supervision of the men of families. Along with the socio-economic barriers, unprofessionalism, unavailability and mismanagement of the offered services also discouraged them to access institutional MCH care services. Awareness building among the rural people, especially in the recipients of this service along with Government and policy maker’s intervention to ensure a better quality of MCH care services can change the scenario of MCH care-seeking attitude of rural women in northeastern Bangladesh.
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