Analysis of the Intensity of Burundi’s Rice Imports from Tanzania

Main Article Content

J. C. Ndayisaba
J. K. Lagat
W. M. Ndayitwayeko
S. K. Kiprop


Neighboring countries usually exchange goods and services, taking advantage of proximity and other shared socio-economic characteristics among citizens. This study explored the intensity of Burundi’s rice imports from Tanzania. First of all it determined and analyzed the evolution of the intensity of rice imports. Secondly, it estimated the factors which influence the intensity of rice imports. The results indicated that Burundi’s rice imports from Tanzania remained more intensive over 2003-2018. However the financial crisis which slapped the world in 2007-2008 harmed Burundi’s rice imports from Tanzania probably due to lack of finance to import. Moreover, the results revealed that the Burundian national income, its exchange rate and its trade openness significantly had a positive effect on the intensity of Burundi’s rice imports from Tanzania.

Imports, neighboring countries, intensity of trade, food trade.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ndayisaba, J. C., Lagat, J. K., Ndayitwayeko, W. M., & Kiprop, S. K. (2020). Analysis of the Intensity of Burundi’s Rice Imports from Tanzania. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 38(2), 111-119.
Original Research Article


Salvatore D. International economics: Trade and finance. 11th Edition. Fordham University, John Wiley and Sons Inc; 2014.

Marshall A. Principles of Economics. 8th edition. Macmillan for the Royal Economic Society; 1959.

Robertson DH. The future of international trade. Economic Journal. 1938;48(189).

Minford P, Riley J, Nowell E. The elixir of growth: Trade, non-traded goods and development. Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No. 1165; 1995.

Ndayitwayeko WM, Mark OO, Mark K, Philip ON. Exploring agri-food import dependency of Burundi: A gravity model approach. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. 2014;5(14): 90-100.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Rice production in Burundi. Unpublished document; 2009.

Nzeyimana M. Market integration and price transmission of rice in Burundi. Master of Science dissertation, Moi University; 2016.

Neculita M, Sarpe DA. International commerce-development factor in China and India. Annals of the University Dunarea de Jos of Galati: Fascicle: I, Economics and Applied Informatics. 2018; 24(3):65-72.

Schlegelmilch BB, Crook JN. Firm‐ level determinants of export intensity. Managerial and Decision Economics. 1988;9(4):291-300.

Seyoum B. US foreign trade zones and import intensity examining determinants of import intensity in US foreign trade zones. European Business Review; 2017.

Elmorsy SS. Determinants of trade intensity of Egypt with COMESA countries. Bandung. 2015;2(1):1-25.

Ambrose B, Sundar RP. A brief analysis of India-Japan bilateral trade: A trade intensity approach. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management. 2014;4(2):1-7.

Mikic M, Gilbert J. Trade statistics in policy making-A handbook of commonly used trade indices and indicators. United Nations ESCAP, New York; 2008.

Peter D, Ross G. Trade intensities and the analysis of bilateral trade flows in a many country world: A survey. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics. 1982;22(2):62-84.

Johansen S. Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. 1988;12(2-3): 231-254.

Hallam D, Zanoli R. Error correction models and agricultural supply response. European Review of Agricultural Economics. 1993;20(2):151-166.

MacKinnon JG. Numerical distribution functions for unit root and cointegration tests. Journal of Applied Econometrics. 1996;11:601-618.

MacKinnon JG, Haug AA, Michelis L. Numerical distribution functions of likelihood ratio tests for cointegration. Journal of Applied Econometrics. 1999;14: 563-577.

Central Bank of Burundi (BRB). Annual report. Bujumbura, Burundi; 2019.

Food and Agriculture organization. Retrieved from FAO Statistical database on 26 February; 2020.