Knowledge and Attitude of Rural Women towards Agroforestry Practices in Kaduna State

Main Article Content

O. E. Olagunju
B. Oluyaire
L. Ganiyu
M. M. Olorukooba
S. O. Olafemi
L. G. Tor

Abstract

Agroforestry practices offer a solution to the problem posed by the high demand on land and stands as a means of halting the vicious circle of deforestation, soil erosion and degradation. This study assessed the knowledge and attitude of rural women towards agroforestry practices in Kaduna State. The objectives of the study were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of rural women, examine the sources of information on agroforestry, find out the level of knowledge of rural women on agroforestry practices and ascertain the attitude of rural women toward agroforestry practices. From the thirteen (13) districts in Chikun LGA, six districts were randomly selected. Twenty women were sampled from each district to give a total of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyze the data. Knowledge test and Mean score were used to determine the knowledge and attitude of rural women towards agroforestry practices. Inferential statistics were used to test the hypotheses. The mean age was 30.23 years. Silvopastural, Taungya system and Tropical shelter wood system were the main types of agroforestry practices. Chi-square showed that there were significant relationships between some selected socio-economic characteristics such as age ( =75.625, p = .001), membership of organization ( = 16.499, p = .003), educational status ( = 11.704, p = .020) and agroforestry practices. Correlation analysis showed that there were significant relationships between knowledge (r = .652, p = .002), attitude (r = .264, p = .001) and agroforestry practices. In conclusion, rural women have low level of knowledge and unfavourable attitude towards agroforestry practices. This study recommends that agroforestry training should be conducted for the rural women in order to increase their knowledge level which will in turn lead to a favourable attitude towards agroforestry practices.

Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, agroforestry practices, rural women, Kaduna state

Article Details

How to Cite
Olagunju, O. E., Oluyaire, B., Ganiyu, L., Olorukooba, M. M., Olafemi, S. O., & Tor, L. G. (2020). Knowledge and Attitude of Rural Women towards Agroforestry Practices in Kaduna State. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 38(12), 11-21. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i1230482
Section
Original Research Article

References

Ablu GOT. Improve agricultural technology for small scale Nigeria farmer proceeding of the national farming system research network workshop. 2008;125-130.

Vlert, PLG, Tamene, L Assessment of land degradation its possible causes and threat to food security in sub-saharan Africa B. Raton (ED) food security and soil quality advance in soil taylor and francis, U. S .A. 2010;57-86.

Wessels JK, Prince DS, Malherbe J, Small M. Human induced land degradation be distinguish from the effect of rainfall variability: A case study in South Africa. Journal of Arid Environment. 2007;271-297.

Usman, AT Agroforestry systems and soil surface management of a tropical alfisol: 2. Water runoff soil erosion and nutrient loss. Agroforestry Systems. 2013;8:87-111.

Olu AA. Technology characteristic, farmers perception and adoption decision: A tobit model application in Sierra Leone agric econ. 2004;9(1):297-311.

Charles PS. Farming trees banishing hunger. How an agro-forestry programme is helping small holders in Malawi, to grow more food and improve their livelihood. Nairobi World Agro-Forestry Centre; 2008.

Puri S, Nair H. Agro forestry research for development in India - 25 years of experience of a natural programmer. Agro Forestry System. 2004;61[1-3]:437-452.

International Commission Research for Agroforestry ICRAF Agro forestry for poverty reduction. Realizing the potential strategic plan for ICRAF east and central Africa programmer 2000-2010 world agro forestry center Nairobi-kip lot; 2003.

Leakey R. Definition of agro-forestry revisited. Agro-Forestry Today. 1996;8(1): 5-7

Dove SK. Forestry and the Nigeria economy Ibadan University press. 1992; 308

Kang BT. Alley Cropping: Past achievements and future directions, Journal of Agroforestry systems Proceedings of the ICRAF/BAT Workshop held in Nairobi in September1982. ICRAC Nairobi Kenya. 1993;22 – 28.

Mandie MI. Agro-forestry a tool for accelerated socio-economic improvement of rural livelihood in Nigeria; 2004.

International Commission Research for Agroforestry, ICRAF Proven impact of Agroforestry; World agroforestry centre Nairobi, Kenya; 1993.

International Commission Research for Agroforestry. Annual Report. International Centre for Research in Agro-forestry ICRAF Nairobi, Kenya; 2010.

Thangataa PH, Hidebrand PE. Carbon stock and suggestion potential of agro-forestry systems in smallholder agro-ecosystem of sub-Saharan Africa: Mechanism for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment. 2012;172-183.

Garrity DP. Agro-forestry and the achievement of the millennium development goals; 2004.

Alao JS, Shuaibu RB. Agro-forestry Practices and Preferential Agro-forestry trees among farmers in Lafia Local Government Area Nassarawa state, Nigeria Waste Management and Bio-Resource Technology. 2011;1(1):12-20.

Opio C. Biological and social feasibility of Sesbania fallow practices in small holder agricultural farms in developing countries: A Zambian Case Study Environmental Management. 2001;27(1):59-74.

Akpabio IA, Esu BB, Adedire MO. Gender perception on constraints affecting agro-forestry practices in Akwa Ibon state, Nigeria. Agricultural Journal. 2008;3(5): 375-381.

Adebayo AC, Oyun MB. The involvement of rural women in forest resources exploitation in Ondo State, Nigeria. In: Onyekwelu JC, Adekunle, VAJ, and Oke, DO (eds). Climate Change and Forest Resources Management: The Way Forward. Proceedings of the 2nd Biennial National Conference of the Forests and Forest Products Society. 2010;140-144.

Ajayi OC. Adoption of renewable soil fertility replenishment technologies in the southern African region: Lesson learnt and the way forward. Natural Resources Forum. 2004;31:306-317.

Agbogidi OM, Okonta BC. Role of women in community forest conservation in. Akindele SO, Popoola L. (Eds), Proceeding of 29th Annual conference of Forestry Association of Nigeria held in Calabar Cross River State. 2005;159-165.

Akinbile LA. Human capital as determinant of technical in effecting of cocoa based Agro-forestry system. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 1997;3(4): 277-281.

Usman AT. Vegetable modification and man induced environment change in rural south western Nigeria Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment. 2003;70(1): 159-167.

Harris SB. Women participation in Afforestation, Problems, and Prospects International centre for research in agro-forestry (ICRAF) (1993) Strategy to the Year; 1996.

Signh LT. Improving the productivity of shifting cultivation in the Amazon basin of Peru through the use of leguminous vegetation Phd thesis, North Carolina state university Releigh U.S.A; 2001.

Adekunle VAJ, Oke DO. (eds) proceedings of the 1st national conferences of the forest and forest product society hold at the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 2009;60-63.

Perez-morales ML. Rich forest, poor people. Resource Control and Resistance in Java. University of California Press. 2006;321.

Draker K. Agroforestry research report project for the Maize/Livestock system the unimodal upland plateau in eastern province of Zambia. AFRENA report (No.10). Nairobi, Kenya: ICRAF; 2007.

Azeez IO. Evaluation of media mix for disseminating forestry conservation in south western Nigeria Ph.D thesis submitted to the faculty of Forestry .University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 2002;230.

Bohringer KL. Agroforestry adoption in southern Malawi: the case of mixed intercropping of Gliricidia sepium and Maize. Agricultural Systems. 2001;78(1): 57-71.

Goddard C, Saunders BJ. Journalist as agent and language as agent and language as instrument of social control. 2001;34.

Adedire MO. The role of agroforestry in enhancing food security through organic and inorganic Agriculture for sustainable food security pub.1 National Conference; 2005.

Adekanye JA. Once upon a forest: A masterpiece of creation UNAAB Inaugural Lecture. 2002;12:9.

Slavikova SP. Sustainable agroforestry systems and practices in Agriculture. Retrievd on 27th September, 2019.

Available:http://greentumble.com/ agroforestry systems 2019

Jaiyeoba IA. Analysis of the relationship between soil property and oil formation factors in the Nigerian Savanna. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. A. B. U., Zaria; 2006.

Gangaharappa NR, Shivamurty M, Ganesamoorthi S. Agroforestry – Available alternative for social, economic and environmental sustainability.

Retrieved on 5th August, 2020.

Available:www.fao.org/3/xii/0051-b5.htm

Kiplot E, Franzel S. Gender and agro forestry in Africa. Are women participating? ICRAF occasional paper no. 13 World Agroforestry Centre Nairobi-Semgalawee 2.m Agricultural Sustainability in the Northern of Tanzania; 2011.

Glover EK. Tropical dry land rehabilitation case study on participatory forest management in Gedaref, Sudan Doctoral thesis. University of Helsinki, Dept. of Forest Ecology, Vikki Tropical Resources Institute (VITRI). 2005;183.